Some people think that the only maintenance they can do when it comes to their septic tank is having it pumped. They aren’t wrong. But there are a lot more things one can do to properly care for their septic tank. Doing so will save you on costs, save the environment, and save the life of your sewage system.

Every day, a household with 3 people and two baths will produce 250-300 gallons of wastewater. That equates to 85,000 gallons per year. The septic tank is an over-achieving filter that separates the solid from the liquid. It pretreats wastewater before it goes into the drain pipes as the last step of purification. Failure to properly keep and maintain the septic tank can mean serious consequences such as health hazard, land and water pollution, and expensive damages.

The Septic Tank

The septic tank is a large underground tank that contains the wastewater coming from the bath, toilet, kitchen, and other places which produce wastewater. Heavy solids sink to the bottom while light solids remain at the top. They form the “scum layer”. If these solids are not removed by pumping, they will tend to go the drain field and will cause damage therein.

The Drain Field

It is in the drain field where final treatment of the liquid component from the septic happens as well as its removal. The network of pipes provides the drainage of the treated liquid to the soil.

The Pump Chamber

Fiberglass, polyethylene, or concrete are what makes a pump chamber. The pump chamber collects the liquid from the septic tank. It has a pump, control floats, and high water alarm floats. It is also responsible for transferring the liquid to the disposal area.

When Should you have your septic tank pumped?

Every year, you should have your septic tank inspected by a professional. Also, you should be able to check every now and then the odor of the surroundings where the drain pipes and septic tank are, as well as wet areas and visible sewage.

Do’s and Don’ts of Septic Tank Maintenance


  1. Have your septic tank inspected by professionals every year and observe septic tank pumping every 3-5 years. This will ensure the prevention of worse damages that could arise.
  2. Preserve water. If possible, avoid using too much water. This may lead to damage to your whole sewage system.
  3. Watch out for signs of difficult drainage in the bath, toilet, sink, etc. These can be signs that your septic tank may be getting full or has issues that need to be attended to.


  1. Never flush or drain oil, grease, diapers, sanitary napkins, cigarettes, shells, paint, and other chemicals down the drain or toilet.
  2. Do not build anything or put anything on the ground above where your septic tank is. The pressure might cause the pipes underneath to get damaged.
  3. Never attempt to enter the septic tank. Inspection and diagnosis should only be done from the outside.